A Brief History of Everest:
- 1852 During Britain’s Great Trigonometric Survey, Peak XV is recognized as the world’s tallest and named for Surveyor-General of India George Everest.
- 1924 Brits George Mallory and Andrew Irvine disappear on their summit bid, spurring decades of speculation about their fate.
- 1934 British mystic Maurice Wilson flies to India, sneaks into Tibet, and attempts the mountain. His body is found the next year.
- 1953 Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary “knock the bastard off.”
- 1963 Jim Whittaker makes the first American ascent on May 1. Three weeks later Tom Hornbein and Willi Unsoeld complete the West Ridge.
- 1978 Austrians Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler make the first ascent without bottled oxygen.
- 1980 A team of Poles, led by Krzysztof Wielicki make the first winter ascent.
- 1983 Americans Kim Momb, Carlos Buhler, and Louis Reichardt make the first ascent of the scary-looking Kangshung Face.
- 1985 David Breashears leads the first guided ascent.
- 1996 A single storm kills eight climbers and sparks debate over guiding Everest.
- 1999 American Conrad Anker discovers Mallory’s body at 26,760 feet. Irvine and his camera have never been found.
(via A Brief History of Everest | Mount Everest | OutsideOnline.com)